Following are CERI's Tips for Surviving an Earthquake.

(Center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI) of the University of Memphis.)

Prepare yourself and your family now

* Have an earthquake-survival kit on hand.

* Teach all family members how to turn off gas, water and electricity.

* Plan family emergency procedures and make plans for reuniting your family.

* Know emergency telephone numbers (doctor, hospital, police, 911, etc)

* Anchor heavy objects to walls (bookcases, wall units, mirrors, cabinets, etc.)

* Never place heavy objects over beds and keep heavy objects lower than head height of shortest member of family.

During an earthquake, stay calm. Remember to drop, cover and hold.

* Inside, stand in doorway, or crouch under a desk or table, well away from windows or glass dividers.

* Outside, stand away from buildings, trees, telephones and electrical lines.

* On the road, drive away from underpasses and overpasses; stop in safe area; stay in vehicle.

After an earthquake

* Check for injuries and provide first aid.

* Check for safety: Look for gas, water and sewage breaks; check for downed power lines and shorts; turn off appropriate utilities.

* Check for building damage and potential problems during aftershocks.

* Clean up dangerous spills.

* Wear shoes.

* Turn on the radio and listen for instructions from public safety agencies.

* Use telephone for emergencies, only.

Earthquake Survival Kits

Survival supplies:

* Water: Two quarts to 1 gallon for each person each day. Emergency supplies should be adequate for at least 72 hours, but a 10-day supply of water, food and medicine is recommended.

* First-aid kit: Ample, and freshly stocked.

* First-aid manual: Know how to use it.

* Food: Canned or individually packaged; precooked, requiring minimum heat and water. Consider infants, pets, and other special dietary requirements.

* Critical medication, extra eyeglasses.

* Can opener.

* Blankets.

* Radio: Portable battery operated, spare batteries.

* Critical medication and eyeglasses, contact cases and supplies.

* Fire extinguisher: Dry chemical, type ABC.

* Flashlight: Spare batteries and bulbs.

* Watch or clock (battery or spring wound).

Cooking supplies

* Barbecue: Use outdoors only. Charcoal and lighter, or Sterno stove.

* Plastic bags: Various sizes, sealable.

* Pots: At least two.

* Paper plates, plastic utensils and paper towels.


* Large plastic trash bags for trash, waste, water protection.

* Ground cloth.

* Large trash cans.

* Hand soap, liquid detergent, shampoo.

* Toothpaste, toothbrushes, dental floss.

* Deodorant.

* Feminine supplies.

* Infant supplies.

* Toilet paper.

* Powdered chlorinated lime to add to sewage to disinfect and keep away insects.

* Newspapers to wrap waste, garbage; may also be used for warmth.


* Heavy shoes for every family member.

* Heavy gloves for every person cleaning debris.

* Candles.

* Matches dipped in wax and kept in waterproof container.

* Sharp knife or razor blades.

* Garden hose for siphoning and fire fighting.

* Clothes: Complete change kept dry.


* Axe.

* Shovel.

* Broom.

* Crescent wrench for turning off gas main.

* Screwdrivers.

* Pliers.

* Hammer.

* Rope or bailing wire.

* Plastic tape.

* Pen and paper.

Mini survival kit for automobile

* Non-perishable food. Store it in a coffee can.

* Boiled water.

* First-aid kit and manual.

* Fire extinguisher.

* Blanket.

* Sealable plastic bags.

* Flashlight with spare fresh batteries and bulb.

* Critical medication and extra eyeglasses.

* Tools: Screwdriver, pliers, wire, knife.

* Short rubber hose.

* Pre-moistened towelettes.

* Feminine supplies.

* Sturdy shoes and gloves.

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